Mains

Main Examination

There are 7 + 2 = 9 papers to be answered in the Main examination. All of them are of descriptive type. There are two qualifying papers of  level 10th grade 1) Indian language of 300 marks 2) English of 300 marks as per the guidelines in the notification. The marks of these two papers will not be counted in the merit list of the Main examination. Failure to qualify in these two papers will lead to non evaluation of other papers.

The candidate is allowed to pick any one language from the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution or English as the medium for writing the Main examination.

According to the new pattern in the UPSC syllabus, there are “FOUR” General Studies paper each comprising of 250 Marks with a total of 1000 Marks are made compulsory. The scope of the syllabus of General Studies papers are of degree level.

There is only “ONE” optional subject to choose from the list of subjects as mentioned in the notification. It comprises of two papers each of 300 marks. So the optional paper has total 600 marks. Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject “without the condition of having the same at graduation level.” The scope of the syllabus of optional paper is higher than the bachelor’s degree but lower than the master’s level.

Interview/Personality Test is of 275 Marks. Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

The total mark of the written examination is 1750 Marks.

The Interview/Personality Test will be of 275 marks.

The Grand Total 2025 Marks

Paper – A
Language -300 Marks
Candidate can take any Modern Indian language but this paper is of qualifying nature
Paper – B
English -300 MarksThis paper is of qualifying nature
Paper – I
Essay – 250 MarksCan be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice as mentioned in Detailed Application Form (DAF
Paper-II
General Studies-I 250 Marks
(Indian Heritage and Culture,
History and Geography of the World and Society)
Paper-III
General Studies -II: 250 Marks
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
Paper-IV
General Studies -III 250 Marks
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Paper-V
General Studies -IV 250 Marks
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
Marks carried by General Studies papers are 4X 250=1000
Paper-VI
Optional Subject – Paper 1 -250 Marks
Paper-VII
Optional Subject – Paper II -250 MarksCandidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject “without the condition of having it at the graduation level.”
Sub Total (Written test) 1750 Marks

Marks of English and Language will not be counted in the total tally of marks for the written exam. So the total of the Mains exam will be 1750 Marks Only.

Interview/Personality Test – 275 marks

Candidate can give preference of the language as mentioned in DAF in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

Grand Total 2025 Marks 
A candidate is allowed to use any one language from the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution or English as the medium of writing the examination.

List of Optional subjects:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  3. Anthropology
  4. Botany
  5. Chemistry
  6. Civil Engineering
  7. Commerce and Accountancy
  8. Economics
  9. Electrical Engineering
  10. Geography
  11. Geology
  12. History
  13. Law
  14. Literature of any one of the non-English languages listed above
  15. Management
  16. Mathematics
  17. Mechanical Engineering
  18. Medical Science
  19. Philosophy
  20. Physics
  21. Political Science and International Relations
  22. Psychology
  23. Public Administration
  24. Sociology
  25. Statistics
  26. Zoology

List of Literature Languages:

The examination is offered in the following languages, with the name of the script in brackets:

  • Assamese(Assamese)
  • Bengali(Bengali)
  • Bodo(Devanagari)
  • Dogri(Devanagari)
  • English(English)
  • Gujarati(Gujarati)
  • Hindi(Devanagari)
  • Kannada(Kannada)
  • Kashmiri(Persian)
  • Konkani(Devanagari)
  • Maithili(Devanagari)
  • Malayalam(Malayalam)
  • Manipuri(Bengali)
  • Marathi(Devanagari)
  • Nepali(Devanagari)
  • Oriya(Oriya)
  • Punjabi(Gurumukhi)
  • Sanskrit(Devanagari)
  • Santhali(Devanagri or Ol Chiki)
  • Sindhi(Devanagari or Arabic)
  • Tamil(Tamil)
  • Telugu(Telugu)
  • Urdu(Persian)